Carta a Comisión y Parlamento Europeo Contra las Patentes de Plantas y Animales

No patents on plants and animals!
No patents on plants and animals, genetic material and
processes for breeding of plants and animals and food derived thereof.

Open letter to Members of the European Parliament and European Commission

Dear Sir or Madam,

We are writing to you to alert you to problems caused by European Patent law. We are especially concerned about patents on plants and animals, genetic material and processes for breeding of plants and animals and food derived thereof and their impact on farmers, breeders and consumers, innovation and biodiversity.
The European Parliament adopted a Directive on biotechnology patents in 1998 (Dir. 98/44 EC “Legal protection of biotechnological inventions”). The Directive was integrated in the framework of the European Patent Office (EPO) in 1999 and since then about 900 patents on animals and 1800 patents on plants have been granted. Several thousands patents more are still pending.
Ten years of patents on plants and animals show that the negative impacts of the European Patent Directive cannot be ignored:
• There is a negative impact on innovation as breeders are not allowed to use
the patented plants, animals or genetic material freely for further breeding.
• Patents have been the engine behind tremendous market concentration in the
seed sector, destroying competition and forcing small and medium
enterprises out of the market.
• Patents lead to higher prices for farmers, less choice for consumers and a
negative impact on agro-biodiversity.
Clear and effective prohibitions from patentability are largely missing from the present legal framework. Existing prohibitions concerning patents on plants and animals can be easily circumvented, as shown by many decisions of the EPO. For example, patents on gene sequences and breeding processes are easily extended to plants and animal varieties.
We are especially concerned that the European Patent Office even grants an increasing number of patents on conventional plants and animals. This is an alarming development causing a dangerous precedent given that conventional plants (without genetic engineering) has so far not been patentable. In many cases these patents cover the whole chain of farm and food production.
Even just after the decision in the “Broccoli Case”, which excludes patents on processes for the conventional breeding of plants and animals (G2/07 and G1/08), the EPO in January 2011 again started to grant patents on seeds, plants and food derived from conventional breeding.
Such patents create new dependencies for farmers, breeders and food producers. This has to be regarded as misappropriation of basic resources in farm and food production and as general abuse of patent law.
Farmers also see the need for seed-saving strategies and the informal seed market to be respected and integrated into the overall legal framework. Although this is not the subject of this letter, it is important to point out that EU regulations on protecting plant variety and the EU seed catalogue should be adapted accordingly.We ask you to call for an urgent re-think of European patent law in biotechnology and plant breeding and to support clear regulations that exclude from patentability plants and animals, genetic material and processes for breeding of plants and animals and food derived thereof.
With kind regards,


Anónimo ha dicho que…
Hello, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues.

When I look at your website in Firefox, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some
overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
Other then that, awesome blog!

Have a look at my page :: managed forex trading - -
Anónimo ha dicho que…
Excellent weblog here! Also your site loads up fast!
What host are you the usage of? Can I get your affiliate link in your host?
I want my website loaded up as fast as yours lol

Check out my web page :: stop hair pulling compulsions fast
Anónimo ha dicho que…
That is really fascinating, You are an excessively skilled blogger.
I have joined your feed and look forward to in the hunt for more of
your excellent post. Additionally, I've shared your site in my social networks

my blog post: hair straighteners
Anónimo ha dicho que…
I comment whenever I especially enjoy a post on a site or I have
something to contribute to the conversation. Usually it's a result of the fire displayed in the article I looked at. And after this post "Carta a Comisi�n y Parlamento Europeo Contra las Patentes de Plantas y Animales". I was excited enough to post a thought ;) I actually do have some questions for you if you tend not to mind. Is it just me or do some of the remarks appear as if they are left by brain dead folks? :-P And, if you are posting on additional online social sites, I would like to follow you. Would you make a list all of your shared sites like your twitter feed, Facebook page or linkedin profile?

Feel free to visit my web-site: forex pairs to trade ()
Anónimo ha dicho que…
Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your website
and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.
Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

my web blog; fake binary options websites

Entradas populares de este blog

Conozcamos Nuestras Semillas - La Candia

Bio Hackers, la nuevas tendencias que quieren controlar las transnacionales

Semillas Nativas y Criollas Libres de Normas y Leyes